Gellhorn, Martha

Considered one of the most prominent war correspondents in the 20th century, Martha Gellhorn was also a novelist, travel writer, and journalist. The New Republic published her first articles. She traveled to France on a mission to become a foreign correspondent and worked in Paris at the United Press Bureau. Once she returned to the United States, she was hired as a field investigator for the Federal Emergency Relief Administration to fight the Great Depression. Her reports became part of the government files on the Great Depression, allowing her to investigate issues not typically open to women in her time.

Martha married Ernest Hemingway in 1940, after several years of friendship and living together. The marriage was short, ending in 1945, due to long periods of travel and absences. He tried blocking her travels, and eventually she ended the marriage.

Continuing her career after the war, Martha secured a position with the Atlantic Monthly. She covered the Vietnam War, the civil wars in Central America, and the Six-Day War in the Middle East. She wrote countless books as well. At the age of 89, she committed suicide by drug overdose.

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