Greeley, Horace

Horace Greeley was an editor and politician in the 1800s known for his development of the New York Tribune. He was a member of New York's 6th district of the U.S. House of Representatives and originator of the Liberal Republican Party, a short lived political party with a main ideology centered on opposition to corruption. In 1841, he established his first newspaper, New York Tribune, by merging his Whig campaign papers into one.

The New York Tribune quickly became popular as Horace took views and published his thoughts. He was known for his eccentricities and numerous smaller publications relied on the works of the Tribune as they thoroughly explained the candidates and policies of the Whig Party. He started losing control of the paper's operations after 1860 thus writing less editorials. Around 1865 to 1867, he switched drastically from being a strong Republican supporter to favoring the Radicals. This lost the Tribune thousands of subscribers as it was highly controversial and he was viewed as a traitor.

In 1872, Horace joined the Liberal Republican Party and was chosen as their presidential candidate, even endorsed by the Democrats. He was crushed by Ulysses Grant, only winning 43% of the total vote. During this time, the owner of the New York Herald, Whitelaw Reid, took over the Tribune. Before the electoral votes could be counted, Horace passed away.

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