Timerman, Jacobo

Argentine Jacobo Timerman is most famous for his work as a journalist and publisher, as well as his activism against the Argentine military during a time of prevalent tyranny. He began working as a journalist for several publications such as Agence France-Presse. During this time, he became fluent in English and Spanish, and often reported on Argentine and South American politics. In 1962, he founded the Argentine news weekly Primera Plana. He resigned after 2 years and founded the news weekly Confirmado.

In 1971, Jacobo founded La Opinion, covering a wide variety of topics in depth. He was the editor and publisher until 1977. The publication openly reported news and criticisms regarding the Argentine government's human rights violations. They also published information regarding terrorist attacks. He continued publishing La Opinion during the 1976 military coup. La Opinion was later seized and shut down in 1977.

When terrorists set off 20 bombs in Argentina, Jacobo was one of the targets. He continued to receive bomb threats from the Argentine Anti-Communist Alliance during the political unrest of 1973. In 1977, he was arrested in relation to the Gravier case investigation. He was imprisoned and tortured by electric shock, beatings, and solitary confinement. In 1978, he was released from prison and placed under house arrest. In 1979, he was released and exiled to Israel. After, he wrote his famous memoir Prisoner Without a Name, Cell Without a Number.

Jacobo died in Buenos Aires in 1999 from a heart attack. He was named as one of the World Press Freedom Heroes by the International Press Institute and in 1980, he was awarded the Golden Pen of Freedom by the World Association of News Papers. In 1984, he was given Argentina's highest honor, the Order of the Liberator General San Martin from President Raul Alfonsin.

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