Attribution is a journalist's way of sourcing the information in their piece. This can come from all different ways, including quotes to paraphrasing. Any information that is provided outside of a journalist's personal observations needs to be properly attributed in any type of article. This prevents any fraud, copyright infringements, and helps the writer be clear and precise about their data.
There are said to be four different types of attribution styles. These include on the record, on background, off the record, and on deep background. All four have their own personal styles to add to a piece and some even help keep source confidentiality when needed. While being on the record allows statements to be openly quoted down to the name of the source, off the record information is specifically for the journalist's information only and completely confidential. On background statements are quotable but do not have a specific name, while on deep background sources can be used but not directly quoted.
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