When an insider discloses restricted information to a member of the media, the event is called a news leak. The information can be obtained from a government source, business or even from individuals. People have a variety of reasons for revealing information that they don't have the authority to give out, including concern about the public's right to know, to get a monetary reward or to embarrass someone or some group.
Government employees sometimes leak information in an effort to give advance warning of a coming event, to test the waters or to manipulate coverage of an event. Whistleblowers at businesses or in government leak information in an effort to reveal things happening they consider wrong or not in the public interest.
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