Photo agencies license and sell photography to individuals or companies needing it for particular use. Journalists may reach out to a photo agency when they need stock photography to complete a piece, as stock images tend to run for a lower rate than hiring a photographer specifically. There are countless photo agencies available through the Internet and they all run various rates from royalty-free and up. Some allow amateur photographers to upload their own work to websites for exposure, permitting even amateur work to have the chance to be published with large companies all over the world.
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