Sequential and simultaneous education

There are two ways in obtaining the dual expertise needed for journalism: sequential or simultaneous education:

Sequential Education

In sequential education, the two fields of expertise of journalism are acquired successively. Normally, this means acquiring technical training such as studying some field at a university (such as political science, fashion or engineering) or doing a vocational training in such a profession. Later, the individual would obtain a journalism qualification from a journalism school.

Simultaneous Education

Simultaneous training is a combined form of obtaining fundamental journalism training and mastering a subject area at the same time. This may mean obtaining a dual qualification while pursuing a university qualification such as double majoring in journalism and political science. Some journalism programs offer simultaneous training in the field such as business journalism. Other individuals may choose to study one field while studying the other through distance learning.

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