In the following we discuss the most common areas or desks in journalism and how to get there.
Most art journalism students begin their careers by being artists. Many journalism schools offer art journalism qualification. Courses will include fundamental core classes as well as studies in a variety of areas including music, films, theater, visual arts, television, popular culture, architecture and design.
Automotive journalists are responsible for reporting on developments in the motor vehicle industry including test driving cars. While it's difficult to find a higher education program that offers automative journalism courses, many students get a qualification in automative engineering to become experts in the field.
Business and Trade Journalism
Business and trade journalism is one of the most lucrative forms of reporting. Those in the field are responsible for interpreting economic data and will need to have the skills to track, record and analyze financial changes. They will also need to be able to provide data on personal finance. Many education programs offer journalism qualifications in this niche. Students may also choose to double major in finance or business along with their journalism qualifications.
Environmental journalists are responsible for understanding scientific language, having a knowledge of historical environmental events and understanding environmental policies. Many will come from a science background and have already earned qualifications in a science field. Many science oriented schools such as MIT offer environmental journalism qualifications.
Fashion journalists write about clothing and accessories for newspapers, magazines and websites. They are often required to attend fashion shows and stay on top of up-and-coming designers and trends. Many fashion journalists will need to earn a qualification in journalism as well as fashion. Master programs that may cater to fashion programs include new media journalism, media design and creative writing.
Food journalists write on topics related to food, and many become food critics or historians like famous food critic Adam Platt. Some schools offer distance learning food writing courses. A master qualification in creative writing may also help individuals become food journalists.
Foreign Affairs and World News
Many journalist who report on foreign affairs and world news work as foreign correspondents and either travel or live overseas. Journalists may want to earn qualifications in political science or international affairs in conjunction with a journalism qualification. Some higher education programs also offer courses on reporting on topics related to foreign affairs and world news.
Local and Community Journalism
More than 90 percent of all newspapers are considered community publications. This type of journalism is typically locally oriented and focuses on cities, neighborhoods, suburbs or small towns. Many jumpstart their career in the field by earning a qualification in creative writing. The key to this type of writing is having a personality.
Some programs in journalism offer media journalism as a major. Students in these programs typically study publishing and public information in the government and private sectors. Many later find jobs in the corporate world.
Medical and Health Journalism
There are various medical and health journalism qualifications offered in master programs. Coursework is typically dedicated to teaching students research skills in public health as well as general professional training in reporting.
Music journalists report on music topics and often work as critics. This field of journalism is highly competitive. Many programs offer music journalism qualifications. Coursework typically involves media analysis, the study of music and popular culture, feature writing and developing critical analysis skills.
Political journalists cover all aspects of politics and political science. They often offer opinion pieces and report on current political events. Many may want to master in political science or a related field along with a journalism qualification; however, a few programs do offer a mixture of coursework that specializes in this niche.
Science journalists report on science topics. It's one of the most challenging areas because reporters are required to understand various areas of science. A typical week as a science journalist may include writing on topics such as climate change, evolution, viruses and artificial intelligence. Many science oriented schools such as MIT offer science journalism qualifications.
Sports journalists report on sports and games. Some schools offer sport journalism qualifications; although students may choose to take mass media and public speaking courses in order to prepare for a career in this field.
Technology journalists write about technology oriented topics including the internet, social media, the IT industry, scientific research, robotics and laws and policies concerning the digital world. Many master programs offer qualifications in technology journalism; however, some journalists come from a technology background and may possess qualifications in areas such as computer science.
Travel journalism is a very competitive field. Many individuals pursue a qualification in journalism and also attend distance learning programs such as the one offered by MatadorU. Others may choose to study creative writing in order to find their voice.
At Open School of Journalism, we offer courses in these specializations.
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