Article 19 (UK)
Named for a section of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights that calls for recognition of freedom of the press and the right to publicly express opinions without fear of official retaliation, Article 19 sprang into existence in 1987 after the children of late American philanthropist J. Roderick MacArthur contacted renowned American Civil Liberties Union lawyer Aryeh Neier and subsequently former Amnesty International director Martin Ennals to offer support for a new civil-rights organization. Following the 1988 success of its opening campaign to free imprisoned South African editor Zwelakhe Sisulu, Article 19 gradually expanded to employ over 80 staffers in offices scattered across the globe in a continuing effort on behalf of imprisoned and persecuted journalists, writers and whistle-blowers.
Another notable success for Article 19 came in 1998 when Iran's cleric-dominated government formally rescinded a death fatwa for blasphemy against Salman Rushdie and the publishers of his controversial 1988 book, "The Satanic Verses." In addition to promoting adoption of laws and policies that enshrine openness and corruption-free governance, the organization maintains a quick-response desk that responds to urgent calls from activists for advice and legal expertise. Financial support for Article 19A is provided by a number of prominent private donors and governmental agencies, including the Ford Foundation, the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the European Commission.
Visit Article 29 here: http://www.article19.org/.
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