Committee to Protect Journalists (USA)
Founded in 1981 by a group of journalists, the nonprofit Committee to Protect Journalists seeks to vigorously promote press freedom and to protect journalists operating in repressive jurisdictions and dangerous environments. Concerned about the fate of colleagues who have met difficulties, the organization's members join together as needed in advocacy campaigns such as the opening effort in 1982 on behalf of three British journalists who had been arrested and imprisoned by the Argentinian government during the Falklands War. The famed reporter Walter Cronkite, then honorary chairman of the Committee, wrote a letter that helped persuade Argentinian authorities to release the three captives.
The committee's scope has grown beyond journalists to include any individual who struggles for the free exchange of information. With its Global Campaign against Impunity, the committee seeks to bring justice to various groups and individuals accused of having collectively murdered hundreds of journalists and others across the world for reporting on corruption and official wrongdoing. In recent years, the organization's members have focused on the Philippines, Russia, Pakistan and Mexico as being particularly dangerous for journalists. In 2014, an Afghan police commander was convicted and sentenced to death for killing Anja Niedringhaus, an Associated Press reporter.
The Committee maintains a website that provides information to interested parties on many aspects of safety in reporting, such as local weather conditions, activity by drug gangs or bandits, health hazards and other considerations. Significant financial support has been provided by Bloomberg, but most support takes the form of in-kind contributions from journalists and other individuals.
Visit the CPJ here: http://www.cpj.org.
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