Chamorro Cardenal, Pedro Joaquín
Pedro Joaquin Chamorro Cardenal was a well-known Nicaraguan publisher and journalist, most noted for his work as the editor of La Prensa and activism against the Somoza family rule. His wife, Violeta Barrios de Chamorro, became the president of Nicaragua in 1990. He received the Maria Moors Cabot Priza of the University of Columbia in 1977 and in 2000, Pedro was nominated as one of the International Press Institute's World Press Freedom Heroes.
In 1954, Pedro became the editor of La Prensa after his father's death. Due to his disapproval of the Somoza rule, he attracted negative attention to the publication by the government. This caused him to get imprisoned, tortured, and forced to publish condolences. La Prensa was subjected to a sustained censorship during the Somoza regime. In 1963, the publication launched a literacy campaign that eventually would become the backbone of the National Literacy Campaign and attracted national attention.
Pedro was murdered in his car in 1978. He was blocked by another car and shot repeatedly, passing away on the way to the hospital. He was considered a martyr and his death caused widespread resistance to the Somoza administration. Before his exit from Nicaragua, Somoza ordered La Prensa to be burned to the ground. It was thankfully rebuilt within months and is currently still a running publication.
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