James Reston was a Scottish-American journalist who worked for The New York Times and won two Pulitzer Prizes. He worked temporarily for the Associated Press in 1934 and then moved to the New York Times in 1939. He was assigned to Washington D.C. as the Times' national correspondent and became diplomatic correspondent in 1948. In 1953, he was the bureau chief and columnist.
Throughout his career, James interviewed countless world leaders. He was commonly praised for his poise, awareness, and intelligence when writing. He wrote comprehensively on events and issues of his time, everywhere from the Nixon administration to the Bay of Pigs Invasion. He also wrote about his experience with acupuncture, allowing the American people to see a new medical practice they had yet to be exposed to.
He won his first Pulitzer Prize in 1945 for his series on the Dumbarton Oaks Conference, covering how the delegates intended to establish the United Nations. He won his second Pulitzer for his national correspondence, but mainly for his five part analysis on the functioning of the executive branch of the federal government under Eisenhower. In 1986, he won the Presidential Medal of Freedom and he received the Four Freedoms Award in 1991.
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