Stanley, Henry Morton

Most famous for his role in the European colonization of Africa and the search for explorer David Livingstone, Henry Morton Stanley was a Welsh-born American journalist and explorer. He worked as a special correspondent for the New York Herald and in 1869, he was ordered to go to Africa and hunt for the Scottish missionary and explorer named David Livingstone. In 1871, he found Livingstone and met him with the now famous words, "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?"

Henry stayed to explore Africa after the death of Livingstone, financially supported by both the Herald and a British publication. His travels were later compiled in what he called Through the Dark Continent. He was unable to get the support of the British, so he pursued King Leopold II of Belgium in order to develop the Congo region. He used fierce methods such as forced labor in order to construct roads. His work in the area, however, helped establish the foundations for the creation of the Congo Free State.

Once back in Europe, Henry joined Parliament as a Liberal Unionist member for Lambeth North from 1895 to 1900. His service to the British Empire in Africa was recognized and he was knighted in 1899, receiving the title Sir Henry Morton Stanley. He died in 1904.

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